Quick Guide on Machu Picchu

  • Jun 27, 2017
  • Machupicchu Hike

Do you love to go on vacation to the archaeological wonder of the ancient Inca Empire ? Or do you always hear about it? But do you know the history of Machu Picchu ? Do not? How good! This is the item you have been looking for.

Here you will find information about Machu Picchu, we will walk through its curiosities and, when you return to the Inca citadel or visit for the first time nothing will take you unawares.

Its name

Machu Picchu was actually called Patallaqta , which is derived from the Quechua words pata , which is the equivalent of step, and llaqta , meaning town, town or province. That is to say Patallaqta means City Escalera or Ciudad Escalón .

This name comes from that system of plantations used by the Inca to gain ground in those mountains of its territory (the Andean, with almost null plains). During the Golden Age of Machu Pichu (which lasted from 1440 to 1533, almost a century), the Inca Pachacutec was devoted to the maximum exploitation of the fertile territories on the edge of the majestic Amazonian jungle , creating with it one of the largest reserves Of food for its population.

In order to efficiently manage all this mass production , he ordered the construction of a city dedicated to the administration of these territories, and, in addition, a citadel that would be a place of worship: The city Escalera o Escalón, which since 1911 has been known Such as Machu Picchu .

How does Machu Picchu arise?

Almost all modern archaeologists, along with great historians, agree that the history of Machu Picchu begins with its construction by the Inca Pachucútec , who is known as the greatest of all statesmen of Tahuantinsuyo .

This Inca would govern from the year 1483 until 1471 .

The history of Machu Picchu corresponds to that moment in which that small Inca lordship began to thrive and grow .
The archaeologists affirm that in this zone a final battle was fought , where the victory obtained the Inca Pachacúec on the chancas.

Known as the Constructor of Cusco, Machu Picchu is one of his greatest works, and because it was characterized by adding territories and widely develop religion and spirituality , there are several theories that claim that Machu Picchu was actually a kind of hacienda Real destined to the Inca gods .

It was inhabited by at least three generations of Incas before it was abandoned for reasons that are still unclear.

Its discovery?

Although the history of Machu Picchu begins in the middle of 1400, it is known to the whole world until the beginning of the last century , seems incredible, right?

"Do not stay without reservation
Tours to Machu Picchu from $ 285 "

The date of the famous discovery of the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is July 24, 1911 , an invaluable architectural treasure that remained hidden under more than four centuries of weeds in the Urubamba canyon.

But who discovered it?
A professor of archeology at Yale University, Hiram Bingham.

This discovery is under discussion, since in the opinion of many researchers, it was a coincidence and the first to visit the archaeological remains of the Inca citadel would have been Enrique Palma, Agustín Lizárraga and Gabino Sánchez , in fact, on some stones left engraving Their names almost ten years earlier .

But, more than a discovery, it would be to spread the existence of Machu Picchu , since it was always known by the local inhabitants , since this one had to be part of the funds Qollapani and Kutija , that with the passage of the years finished in the farm Q ' Entity

As if that were not enough, inside the citadel they found an indigenous man named Anacleto Álvarez living there, who, moreover, from a little less than a decade ago made a living cultivating these lands for twelve soles a year.

So that more than a discovery, Bigham made known to the world the existence of Machu Picchu , and this is affirmed in the fact that he did not arrive at the Inca city by chance, but through several information provided by the local peasants .

Now that you know all this, what do you think if we review some curious facts of the history of Machu Picchu?

Interesting facts about the history of Machu Picchu

  • 1 The most important buildings in the history of Machu Picchu are: Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun and the Temple of the Three Windows.
  • 2 It is currently the most important and recognized symbol of the entire Inca empire.
  • 3 It was not until 1913 that he received the world attention that he deserved so much , and this was thanks to the fact that the history of Machu Picchu appeared in the National Geographic Society, in its edition of April.  
  • 4 Intihuatana is a large rock that comprises one of the greatest mysteries in the history of Machu Picchu. For what the Incas used it has caused headaches for researchers for decades, although it is believed that it could have been used as an astronomical observatory , as it was shown that it was not a clock.
  • 5 Machu Picchu is a Historic Sanctuary of Peru since 1981 and in turn, two years later (1983), it is declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO .
  • 6 Machu Picchu is considered by many experts as the most important and transcendental archaeological site in all of South America , as well as being the main tourist attraction in Peru.

Did you like this information about Machu Picchu , what do you expect to go to live it?


Our Licenses

Panel title